4 October 2016 13:49
Dental Implants are a great way to restore a beautiful smile by replacing missing teeth.
A dental implant is a root replacement which is secured in the jawbone. The replacement is used to secure crowns, bridgework or dentures. They are made of Titanium, which due to its properties is not rejected by the body. Dental implants have the highest success rate of implanted surgical devices.
Types of implants
There are more than 40 different types of implants available today. We have listed the most common tooth replacements.
● Single tooth replacements: One missing tooth is replaced by one implant with its single crown.
● Multiple tooth replacements: Multiple teeth can be replaced with multipole implants or with a bridgework. To replace a full arch it usually requires 4-8 implants. To replace a full jaw of teeth, 10 or more crowns are needed with a fixed bridgework.
● Combinations of fixed and removable bridgework
● Over-dentures: Two or more standard implants are placed to provide a stable foundation for the dentures. Whereas most traditional full dentures press directly on the gum and bone causing bone loss by resorption, implant supported over-dentures protect the bone. For patients who lost all their teeth this option is the recommended solution.
Your dentist will help you to choose the right type of implant and tooth replacement.
Maintaining your Dental Implant
Natural teeth and dental implants are very similar in the way they look and feel in your mouth, as well as how they function. The important difference lies in the way they attach to the surrounding bone.
The long-term success of your implant surgery will depend mostly on the aftercare. Thorough, regular oral care is inevitable to prevent gum diseases, such as mucositis and peri-implantitis.
Periodontal diseases, such as mucositis, are the most common cause of implant loss. Therefore it is vital to cultivate a regular oral hygiene which involves the brushing of the surface, cleaning the gum line around the implant as well as the interdental spaces between the implant and the natural teeth. It is especially those inaccessible areas that must be cleaned carefully.
It is also necessary to see your dentist and dental hygienist on a regular basis. Your dentist will need to monitor your dental implants to ensure their stability and that the crown, bridge or dentures are functioning sufficiently.
Your dentist will provide you with the right dental visit program specifically designed for you.
In general if you lost a tooth you are a candidate for dental implants. There are some conditions and diseases that can affect the decision for a dental implant, such as cancer, uncontrolled diabetes, smoking and alcoholism or any periodontal diseases. Make sure you inform your dental surgeon about your medical history to prevent any complications.
These days the surgery is a standard procedure. Patients report to being pleasantly surprised and a majority of the dental implant patients return to work the following day.
After inserting the dental implants and before fixing the final crown, there might be temporary teeths placed. This depends on the individual’s preferences and the recommendations of the dentist.
Risk Factors in implant surgery
Dental implant surgery is one of the most predictable procedures in dentistry. Complications while dental implant surgery are rare, but as with any other surgery there are always risks involved. Risks include infections of the wound, damage to surrounding teeth, fractures, nerve damage and implant failure. An inadequate jawbone can cause the procedure to be left uncompleted.
Patients who smoke or have certain medical conditions carry a higher risk of complications. Therefore it is important that your surgeon is informed about your health history as well as related habits.